◎ In 2018, 133 cases of human trafficking were tracked down by judicial and police agencies and transferred to each district prosecutors’ office. And among them, 38 cases involved in labor exploitation and 95 in sexual exploitation; 433 suspects were arrested. Among them, 302 were males while 131 were females.
◎ In 2018, 122 victims of human trafficking were replaced, the lowest number over the past seven years. Among them, 85 were Indonesian and 26 were Vietnamese, accounting for over 90% of the total victims. There were more female victims than male victims.
Taiwan has long valued human rights. In order to actively fight against human trafficking and work on its prevention and control, in November, 2006, the “Human Trafficking Prevention Action Plan” was promulgated and in February, 2007, the “Coordinating Meeting for the Prevention of Human Trafficking” was established by the Executive Yuan to integrate resources of various governmental and non-governmental organizations. In 2009, the “Human Trafficking Prevention Act” was promulgated based on prevention, investigation and prosecution, protection, and partnership to enhance control and prevention of human trafficking. Over the past years, under the concrete achievements of proactively carrying out the public-private partnership, across the area cooperation, combating illegal action as well as human rights protection, in the “Trafficking in Persons Report” released by the US Department of State in 2018, Taiwan has been ranked as Tier 1 nine years in a row, indicating continuous international recognition of Taiwan’s overall promotion of control and prevention of human trafficking. Detail information of Taiwan’s 2018 control and prevention of human trafficking is given below:
1. Number of Cases Solved
(1) Case number: In 2018, 133 cases of human trafficking were tracked down by judicial and police agencies and transferred to each district prosecutors’ office, a decrease of 12 cases compared to those in 2017 (-8.28%) and among them, 38 cases involved labor exploitation (28.57%) and 95 sexual exploitation (71.43%).
(2) Suspects arrested: At the same time, 433 suspects were arrested and transferred to each district prosecutors’ office, a decrease of 32 people (-6.88%) compared to those in 2017. By gender, there were 302 male suspects (69.75%) and 131 females suspects (30.25%) and by type of exploitation, 133 involved in labor exploitation (30.72%) and 300 in sexual exploitation (69.28%).
2. Victim Protection: According to the “Identification Principle for Victims of Human Trafficking” and “Handling Procedure of Human Trafficking Cases,” victims were replaced and protected. In 2018, 122 victims of human trafficking were replaced: 85 females accounting for 69.67％ and 37 males accounting for 30.33％, the lowest number over the past seven years, a decrease of 86 people (-41.35%) compared to those in 2017.
(1) Type of visa granted: At the same time, 93 victims held work visas and among them, 69 were females (74.19%) and 24 were males (25.81%). For those without a work visa, female victims outnumbered male victims and females at a ratio of 16 (55.17%) to 13 (44.83%) indicating that regardless of holding a work visa, most female victims than males. For male victims regardless of holding work visa, they suffered more on the labor exploitation cases. Females without a work visa were more likely to suffer sex exploitation and females with a work visa suffered more labor exploitation.
(2) Type of victims: At the same time, 80 labor exploitation victims accounted for 65.57% and among them, 44 were females (55.00%) and 30 involved in sexual exploitation, 24.59%. Among victims of sexual exploitation, 29 were females (96.67%) and 12 females involved in both labor and sexual exploitation.
(3) Nationalities: In the same period, among victims replaced, 85 were Indonesian (69.67%) exceeding 50% and 26 were Vietnamese (21.31%), a combination of 90.98%. There were four male Filipino victims and victims of other nationalities were females.