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2018-08-20 09:00
Announcement and Implementation of National Spatial Plan; Building a New Order for National Land from a Macro Perspective according to Jiunn-rong Yeh
The “National Spatial Plan” after two year’s planning and evaluation that links directly to sustainable development of national land was finally ratified on April 27 this year (2018) by Executive Yuan and announced for implementation by Ministry of the Interior on April 30. The first task of National Spatial Plan was completed as scheduled. According to Minister of the Interior, Mr. Jiunn-rong Yeh, it is expected that from a macro perspective, the “National Spatial Plan” will build the ROC’s new order for national land and allow proper conservation and development. We will find a new respect and ethic of land as well as a better future for Taiwan.

According to Ministry of the Interior, the “National Spatial Plan” mainly consists of target, policy, and comprehensive contents and serves as the guideline for each level of government to enact its own spatial plan. The Plan will not directly impose immediate impacts on land utilization and control and management but will guide national spatial planning and management. During the evaluation process, Executive Yuan and Ministry of the Interior have been very careful to ensure the comprehensiveness and flexibility of the Plan.

Focusing on National Land Conservation and Food Safety

The Ministry of the Interior further stated that the draft plan was sent for the ratification of Executive Yuan and three evaluation meetings were convened by Executive Yuan this March. During the evaluation process, important issues such as “national land conservation” and “food safety” were discussed deeply.

For “national land conservation,” due to increasingly serious climate change, some slope land will be planned for “proper farming and gazing” in the future to prevent from disasters or water source pollution caused by farming, development, and utilization. When the slope land involves features of environmental sensitiveness for national land conservation, water source protection or soil and sand disasters, in the future, the land will be designated as the “national land conservation area” to continuous legal agricultural use to safeguard farmers’ rights. If necessary, the Ministry of the Interior will hold discussions with the Council of Agricultural Affairs to properly minimize uses to assure sustainability of the slope land.

In terms of “food safety,” farmland shall be preserved with the volume about 740,000 to 810,000 hectares for land control and management of “agriculture,” aquaculture,” and “husbandry” not only limited to farmland of rice or grain plant cultivation. The government will continuously invest in resources to support development of agriculture to ensure the ROC’s food safety.

Clear Spatial Plan for Counties and Cities to Protect Quality Farmland and Water Source

Ministry of the Interior also mentioned that in addition to the said two issues, key points of National Spatial Plan also includes responses to future development, enhanced spatial planning guideline, and respect to traditional culture. Counties and cities will propose their overall spatial development concepts according to the guideline that designates regional positioning based on national land conservation, marine resources, agricultural development, and urban and rural development to divide into regions for development and no development and avoid land utilization in environmentally sensitive or optimized farmland.

For areas of tap water conservation concerned by environmental groups, in the future, they will be prioritized to classify as Type 2 of National Land Conservation corresponding to result of the evaluation meetings of National Spatial Plan. It also indicates the consideration of opinions of the public or groups during planning and evaluation processes of Ministry of the Interior recognized by Executive Yuan. This is a good model for public and private partnership. In the future, Ministry of Interior will continuously promote public participation in national spatial planning to allow the people to understand further about spirit and contents of National Spatial Plan.

Local Empowerment for Planning under Central Consultation to Gradually Achievement Sustainability of National Land

In compliance with the Spatial Planning Act, the National Spatial Plan is one of the three legal tasks and the other two are County and City Land Spatial Plan and Functions of National Land. For concerns of environmental groups about the failure of city and county governments to complete the plan or local abusive power, Ministry of the Interior pointed out that most city and county governments have enacted their draft plans and New Taipei City and Taichung City even completed legal procedures and announced them. City and county governments have relevant experiences and Ministry of the Interior has confidence in them to complete the National Land Spatial Plan. For the spatial plans of city and county governments, Ministry of the Interior proposes suggestions below:

1. Respect the value and irreversibility of nature resources to allow sustainable development of national land.

2. Propose development vision and concrete implementation and schedules to avoid one-off consumption of all land resources.

3. Try with efforts to have dialogue and communication with each field to improve plan feasibility.

4. Establish account mechanism to stop illegal use and to fulfill environmental responsibilities with reasonable remedies to guide land utilization to return to the right direction and with good intentions.

The Ministry of the Interior emphasized that in the future continuous consultation will be provided to city and county governments for planning including compiling planning manual, establishment of professional consultation team, and organization of educational training so as to assist city and county governments to complete all related works. Both land zoning according to spatial functions by the central or city and county governments shall follow the guideline of National Land Spatial Plan and be sent to evaluation and approval by Ministry of the Interior. Continuously, public participation shall remain open to get rid of concerns of governmental bureaucracy and to gradually achievement sustainable development of national land.

Announcement and Implementation of National Spatial Plan; Build New Order for National Land from a Macro Perspective according to Jiunn-rong YehAnnouncement and Implementation of National Spatial Plan; Build New Order for National Land from a Macro Perspective according to Jiunn-rong Yeh
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